Common disc disorders include degenerative disc disease and disc herniation that can cause spinal nerve impingement—sometimes called a “pinched nerve.” This can happen when a disc flattens (loss of disc height) or changes shape—the space for a spinal nerve passing through the neuroforamen is restricted. Share your story. When you need neck surgery for damaged cervical discs, one option is an artificial cervical disc. Leg Pain and Numbness: What Might These Symptoms Mean? Get Veritas Health eNewsletters delivered to your inbox. Cervical spine anatomy illustrated. The height of the disc creates spaces—nerve passageways called foramen or neuroforamen. The C1 and C2 vertebrae are the first two vertebrae of the cervical spine. 60015. prime While innervation can vary from person to person, some common patterns include: See The C1-C2 Vertebrae and Spinal Segment, See All About the C2-C5 Spinal Motion Segments, See All About the C5-C6 Spinal Motion Segment, See All About the C6-C7 Spinal Motion Segment, See All About the C7-T1 Spinal Segment (Cervicothoracic Junction). In general, the cervical spinal nerves perform these functions including: C1, C2 and C3 provide motor function to the head and neck, as well as sensation from the top of your scalp to the sides of your face C4 enables you to shrug your shoulders and automatically causes the diaphragm to …  |  These nerve structures are sometimes numbered to correlate with the level in the cervical spine: C1 through C8. This conditions is called a cervical radiculopathy. When the Vagus nerve is injured by compression caused by instability at C1-C2, this can cause vasospasms (narrowing of the arteries and reduction of blood flow). Photo Source: This is the most mobile section of your entire spine. If a C2 nerve root becomes inflamed or injured, additional symptoms may include: Symptoms of C2 nerve injuries are usually aggravated while lying down. The C2 vertebrae is also called the Axis, and it’s the second one down in your neck. The spinal cord passes through the large, centrally placed vertebral foramen. Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injections for Low Back Pain and Sciatica, Cervical Bone Spurs Symptoms and Causes Animation, Lower Back Pain Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Sciatica Exercises for Sciatica Pain Relief, Stiff Neck Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, Radiating pain up to the back and/or top of the head, Pain in the temple and/or behind the eyes and/or ears, Neck-tongue syndrome resulting in neck and/or head pain with numbness or abnormal sensation on one side of the tongue. If a cervical nerve becomes irritated or compressed, it may cause pain and/or dysfunction that correlates to its dermatome for sensations and/or myotome for motor control. Working together, the atlas and axis are primarily responsible for spinal rotation, flexion (bend forward) and extension (bend backward). Learn how 8 pairs of spinal nerves in the neck play an important role in sending messages to and from the spinal cord. Head, face, upper neck, inner & middle ear, sympathetic nerve system, sinuses, eyes, auditory nerves … The atlas (C1) and axis (C2) are part of the spine’s craniovertebral junction (CVJ)—this is where the base of your brain becomes part of your spinal column. In addition, many surgeons will also sacrifice the C2 nerve, which can lead to chronic pain. Together they form the atlantoaxial joint, which is a pivot joint. This page is best viewed with JavaScript enabled. Spinal nerve roots branch off the spinal cord, in pairs, and leave the spinal column through the foramen. These bony elements naturally create a hollow opening in the center of the cervical spinal column—a canal that houses and protects the spinal cord. The neck is the most common spinal level to develop a myelopathy. Severe cases of spinal cord injury at C2 can be fatal because breathing and other critical body functions may be impaired or stop.3 Paralysis of the body below the injured region of the spinal cord may also occur in some cases. C1-C2 Fusion Risks. Arthritis. Stiff Neck Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. See Spinal Cord Compression and Dysfunction from Cervical Stenosis. This condition is due to the high levels of motion within the C1-C2 joint. Learn how 8 pairs of spinal nerves in the neck play an important role in sending messages to and from the spinal cord. IL, A few examples of problems at this cervical level include: 1. At the back of the vertebral body are bony arches that project outward to form the facet joints and spinous processes. Vertebral pain at C1-C2 can range anywhere from a dull ache to a sharp, burning pain in the neck. The information is produced and reviewed by over 200 medical professionals with the goal of providing trusted, uniquely informative information for people with painful health conditions. 2 … There may be increased pain at night, causing disturbed sleep. The spinal cord is protected by the C1-C2 vertebrae in the upper cervical area. Sign up to receive free updates on back pain treatments, research, and doctor-reviewed spine health information. Stiff Neck Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. Spinal nerves branch off from the spinal cord to innervate the rest of the body. Get Veritas Health eNewsletters delivered to your inbox. Cervical spinal nerves, also called cervical nerves, provide functional control and sensation to different parts of the body based on the spinal level where they branch out from the spinal cord. These vertebrae have several small and large foramens. In the middle of each disc is a nucleus pulposus, a gel-like structure surrounded by a tough protective tire-like outer layer called the annulus fibrosus. version.2020.05.028-2020.05.006, Ask questions and share your experiences in our new, Spinal Motion Segment: C1-C2 (Atlantoaxial Joint) Animation. This site is for educational purposes only; no information is intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.

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