34:20–24; 37:24–25; Hos. The covenant was given almost three thousand years ago, and history has not contained any continuous development or continued authority of the political kingdom of David. The right to rule will never be transferred to another family, and its arrangement is designed for eternal perpetuity. 21, 72, 89, 110, 132). It is not within the province of this discussion to investigate all these covenants. Je. 1:14, 16; 3:39; 19:21). The Messiah is to sit on David’s throne (Psalm 132:11). The problem of fulfillment does not consist in the question of whether Christ is the one who fulfills the promises, but rather on the issue of how Christ fulfills the covenant and when He fulfills it. This promise as it represented David’s natural seed was conditional, so that the Lord at length deprived them of the kingdom; but He did not by that deprivation violate or nullify the covenant with His servant; for this was only what He threatened at the commencement of it to do in the event of their committing iniquity (1 Chr. And thy house and thy kingdom shall be made sure for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever” (2 Sam 7:12-16). At the center of Davidic Kingship is the adoration of Todah. David’s family would occupy a prominent place in the future history of Israel. 1 Chr 16:4, 7 and 2 Chr 29:31. If we believe that no word of God is broken, it is obvious that an interpretation which is not sustained by historic fulfillment is a wrong interpretation. Whatever its changing form, temporary interruptions, or chastisements, the line of David will always have the right to rule over Israel and will, in fact, exercise this privilege. After David learns of the death of Saul, and mourns for him (2 Sam. These promises flow to us through Christ’s death and resurrection. From the content and circumstances surrounding the Davidic covenant, it is evident that a literal fulfillment is anticipated. Seven Primary Features Of Davidic Covenant. Divine Sonship 2. A key event in redemptive history is recorded in 2 Samuel 7. The kingdom of Israel had been blessed and was prospering, and David one day looked around at everything he had and realized that he, the King, was dwelling in a house of cedar, but God was still dwelling in a tent. The arguments in favor of literal interpretation are so massive in their construction and so difficult to waive that they are more commonly ignored by those who do not want to believe in literal fulfillment than answered by argument. 1 Jamieson, Faussett, and Brown, A Commentary, Critical, Experimental, and Practical on the Old and New Testament, unabridged edition, (Glasgow: William Collins, Sons, & Company, 1868), II, 295. 2 Sam. The kingdom of Israel had been blessed and was prospering, and David one day looked around at everything he had and realized that he, the King, was dwelling in a house of cedar, but God was still dwelling in a tent. David had the godly ambition to build a temple to Jehovah. xxviii.9 ). God's covenant with David, as described in Nathan's oracle ( 2 Sam 7:9-16), provides all the content of the angelic description of Jesus in Luke 1:32-33. These issues may be reduced for our purpose to the following: (1) Does the Davidic covenant require literal fulfillment? Wilkinson has written a forceful summary of this point: “Nevertheless, facts are stubborn things. The Messiah (Christ) is to be of David’s flesh and blood (Psalm 132:11). Israel’s blessing will not come until “I return,” apparently reference to the second coming of Christ. God warns that he will discipline David’s offspring if he commits iniquity, but God also promises that his steadfast love will not depart from David as it was taken from Saul (2 Sam. “Give ear and come to me...I [God] will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David” (Isaiah 55:3). A search of the New Testament reveals that there is not one reference connecting the present session of Christ with the Davidic throne. Created by. Only Christ has the evidence necessary, and the line is preserved with Him. God promises a glorified Christ and His Millennial Kingdom to all who will come into a covenant relationship with Him. And I will bring back the captivity of my people Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. That it included David’s descendants, who by ordinary generation were to succeed him on the throne of Israel, is evident from David’s application of it to his son Solomon, in whom the temporal part of it had a partial accomplishment (1 Chr. The line that began with David has its consummation and eternal fulfillment in Christ. But how, then, was the promise made good, that David’s seed should sit on his throne forever? Some, indeed, restrict this promise entirely to the Messiah, and deny that it was applicable to David’s natural descendants at all. It apparently was difficult for the apostles to adjust themselves to equality with Gentiles in the Gospel. God had already planned to establish a ki... NEW CONTENT ADDED Sept 16, 2020: We added the most recent volumes available for all the existing journals and added the new Eikon journal. The right to rule always belonged to David’s seed. The purpose of God is seen to be preserved in maintaining the line of David which has the right to rule. By the expression “for ever,” it is signified that the Davidic authority and Davidic kingdom or rule over Israel shall never be taken from David’s posterity. Gen. 17:6). The promise of David’s throne, David’s kingdom, and all that is involved is transferred by this prophecy to Jesus Christ, “The Son of David” (Matt 1:1). God will first conclude His work for the Gentiles in the period of Israel’s dispersion; then He will return to bring in the promised blessings for Israel. Accordingly, in the wisdom of God, the proof that Christ was of the line of David has been preserved, but at the same time the evidence has been destroyed for any future contenders for the honors. 72:8–11, 17). Gravity. The spiritual and eternal part of the promise pointed to the Messiah, who was to come of the seed of David according to the flesh, and to be raised up from the dead to sit for ever on His heavenly throne. (3) Is the interpretation of this covenant in harmony with other covenant purposes of God? In this fine point is an illustration of God’s intention. 3:8).”xx The promises that had not yet been fulfilled would be fulfilled in the future (cf. 3:1) is he anointed king over all Israel (2 Sam. 7:13b, 16).”xiv, In Genesis 49:10, Jacob had prophesied that the scepter would belong to the tribe of Judah until the coming of the one to whom such royal status truly belonged. How is Divine Sonship fulfilled in the NT? If the transgressions of Israel resulted in the captivity and made impossible a literal fulfillment of all aspects of the covenant, is it not strange that the very elements which it is denied can be fulfilled literally should be reiterated in the New Testament? When Jesus tells Peter that he is the rock and He will built his church upon him. 1 Kgs 2:19-20 with Bathsheba asking Solomon for a request. David is assured that his seed will reign forever. (7) There is no ground for identifying David’s throne and the Father’s throne. God reminds David that since the time he brought Israel out of Egypt he has moved with the people in the tabernacle (2 Sam. He was also to lead Israel in the faithful observance of the Mosaic law. The Davidic covenant establishes David’s seed who literally descends from the lineage of David, and who literally reigns from David’s throne over David’s kingdom of Israel, the Jews. David’s regal status would remain upon his descendants as long as they remained faithful. This brings us to an important conclusion: the line which was to fulfill the promise of the eternal throne and eternal kingdom over Israel was preserved by God through a lineage which in fact did not sit on the throne at all, from Nathan down to Christ. David had captured Jerusalem and had brought the ark into the city, and God had given him rest from all his enemies (2 Sam. The truth is, this promise, like many others in the Old Testament, has a twofold sense—it takes in the type as well as the antitype; so that those who saw it accomplished in what respected David’s temporal house, had a proof that the Lord spoke by the prophet Nathan, and consequently a pledge that He would also in due time fulfill the spiritual part of it also. Jamieson gives such a solution to the problem of the fulfillment of the covenant: “This promise, like that made to Abraham, has a twofold aspect,—one points to David’s natural posterity and temporal kingdom, the other to the Messiah and the kingdom of heaven. It is clear that at the present time Christ is not in any literal sense reigning over the kingdom of David. This then, in brief, is the covenant of God with David. It contains a threatening against such of David’s children as should commit iniquity, which was verified on his royal posterity who succeeded him on the throne, whom the Lord punished for their transgressions, as the sacred history abundantly shows. The Davidic covenant defines God’s covenanted throne, kingdom, and heir. The interpretation of the Davidic Covenant inevitably is colored by the construction placed on other covenants of Scripture. The kingdom was by its nature earthly, political, and limited to Israel. The Davidic covenant becomes the foundation for the messianic prophecies of the later prophets.xvi As O. Palmer Robertson explains, the Davidic throne “was a typological representation of the throne of God itself.”xvii The relationship is so close that the throne of David is referred to in Scripture as the “throne of Yahweh” (1 Chron.

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