The Scots had a tradition of deep-frying chicken in fat. At best, chestnut soils—some needing only water to be productive—and, at worst, solonetzic (highly saline) soils cover areas of increasing aridity eastward of Ukraine to the Ural River. Socio-Cultural Transformation and Foodways in the Republic of Georgia, 1996. Very often the South of France is also included. Windermere lake in the Lake District, Cumbria, Eng. This definition is relative, with no clear limits. Europe is where some of the world’s greatest cultures and civilizations originated. The Mediterranean climate is often thought to be a typical characteristic of Southern Europe. The soils within that zone that cover loess are excellent loams; lowland clays, when broken down, also exhibit high quality, as do alluvial soils; in contrast, areas covered with dry, sandy, or gravelly soils are more useful for residential and amenity purposes than for farming. It is comprised of 50 countries, 47 of which are united as the Council of Europe. Find out facts about American food here. The Gaelic culture originated in Ireland but eventually expanded to Scotland, and much of northwestern Europe. A family on the Italian island of Sicily takes a passeggiata—an evening stroll. EARLY CONQUERORS. The most commonly spoken languages are Italian, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian-Bosnian, Greek, Turkish, Portuguese, and Catalan. The Culture of Malta explained A mixture of societies of cultures over long centuries. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Southern Europe is a region of the European continent. Let’s take a look at the interesting regional renditions of the world’s favorite warm beverage. It all began in Africa and Scotland -- fried chicken that is. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Italy is a boot-shaped peninsula that juts out of southern Europe into the Adriatic Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and other waters. The warm, sunny climate of Southern Europe creates a vastly different culture than that of Northern or Eastern Europe. They were joined by the French Huguenots, British and German Settlers, each bringing their own flavour to the mix. The courses of many rivers—notably those of Scandinavia and the North European Plain—have been shaped since the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). Volcanic crater lakes are found in central Italy, and small lakes of the lagoon type are found along the Baltic and Mediterranean shores, where spits have lengthened parallel to the coast and hence cut off sea access. The unique cultures and ancient history of southern Europe have shaped the subregion’s population patterns. Southern Europe. In its golden days, the British empire managed to cover one-fourth of the world’s territories. In the formerly wooded steppe lying to the north of the grass steppe in both south-central Russia and the lower Danubian lowlands, soils of somewhat less value are known as degraded chernozems and gray forest soils. Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece and over all the Mediterranean countries of the European continent as parts of Southern Europe. But only in Gibraltar, a tiny British colony (2.3 square miles) that is located on a rocky peninsula on the south coast of Spain. The region of Southern Europe, also called Mediterranean Europe, extends along the Mediterranean Sea on the Southern edge of Europe. Kids Encyclopedia Facts. The climatic definition of southern Europe would be similar to the areas of Mediterranean climate. Southern Europe. Most people see Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece and over all the Mediterranean countries of the European continent as parts of Southern Europe. 9. "Religion and Nationalism in Georgia." Lakes cover less than 2 percent of Europe’s surface and occur mostly in areas subjected to Pleistocene glaciation. Due to the historical break of the Church into the western half based in Rome and the eastern half based in Constantinople, different denominations of Christianity are prominent in different parts of Europe. They do a scavenger hunt to find the languages, religions, cultural activities, and cuisine of the region and connect those to the geographic location of the region. Europe Facts | Animals: In Europe, there are 270 species of mammals, such as boar, bat, deer, hare and otter. People also call it as East Europe. Yet, Europeans travel much more than Americans, inside or outside their own continent. Bridge across the Volga River at Saratov, Russia. INSEAD professor Erin Meyer explains below why Northern Europe tends to be more egalitarian than Southern Europe. Students explore the influence of geography on cultural and social elements of Northern Europe. The warm, sunny climate of Southern Europe creates a vastly different culture than that of Northern or Eastern Europe. Locally, the farmer recognizes soils of heavy to light texture, their different water-holding capacities, depth, alkalinity or acidity, and their suitability for specific crops. The winter freeze of the east only rarely seriously affects the Danube and western European rivers. Hot stuff! In the Mediterranean region some rivers—as in peninsular Greece—tend to dry up in summer through a combination of scant rainfall, evaporation, and porous limestone beds. Italy is a boot-shaped peninsula that juts out of southern Europe into the Adriatic Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and other waters. Europeans eat 50% of all the world’s chocolate. In ancient times, waves of migrating people settled Northern Europe. 16 Dishes for the Ultimate Shrove Tuesday Pancake Supper Delicious Hungarian Recipes Get Our FREE Tastes of Europe Cookbook Which European country will inspire your culinary journey tonight? Exploring Eastern European Food & Culture Encompassing diverse regions and cultures, Eastern Europe has a rich history of food and traditions. The Alps mountains are a physical barrier between Italy and the rest of Europe. Meals are often more varied and far more balanced, especially where the southern countries are concerned, and while fast food is still commonly found in practically every country in Europe, America still takes the proverbial cake for fast food consumption! In the East European Plain the rivers are long and flow sluggishly to five seas. A cultivable zone (the Marschen) has formed along the low-lying, reclaimed marshes along the North Sea in Germany and the Netherlands, and characteristically the estuaries of Europe’s tidal rivers are edged by flat alluvial marshes. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some streams, notably in Finland and from southern Poland to west-central Russia, have their sources in hills of Cenozoic rocks, while others, including the Thames and Seine rivers, derive from hill country composed of Mesozoic rocks (i.e., those about 66 to 252 million years old). Throughout history, the city has been the capital of many empires. European sub-regions according to EuroVoc (the thesaurus of the European Union). 4 Linguistic and cultural definition; 5 List of countries; Geographical definition. Start studying History Southern Europe. Europe has the highest GDP (income per person) 2. The study of Western European culture encompasses languages, history, art, literature, music, philosophy, religions, politics and conflicts of the people living in past and modern Europe.Western Europe has historically been defined in different ways, so the scope of your studies may vary. Since the end of the Pleistocene the upper Dnieper has failed to drain the low area of the Pripet Marshes effectively. European cultural institutes are spread throughout the Southern Mediterranean. In fact, American food tends to be much ‘faster’ in general. The countries in this region have many common aspects when it comes to communication and appropriate business etiquette. Israel holds a special position. Religion in Eastern Europe 14 (3): 1–9, 1994. Lake systems and marshes. The predominant religion in Southern Europe is Christianity. [10] Turkey is the site of the world’s first beauty pageant, with Paris of Troy as judge and Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite as contestants. Although embanking measures have reduced the problem, flooding is a continued threat. Religion has had major effects on the lives of the people, including serious and community-conscious attitudes to work and social life. It is hard to define the exact region covered by Eastern Europe for the absence of its consensus. This site offers free and paid for business culture guides and - please complete this short survey to help us improve, Thank you! The Saône River, lying within the oceanic climatic area, tends to have a good flow year-round. Next, students research and report on a food tradition or celebration of Greece, Italy, or Spain. Facts about American Culture 8: Southern … Something all these countries share is a strong connection to the bodies of water that surround them, as a peninsula is surrounded on all three sides! Countries of Latin Europe are often associated with the concept of Southern Europe, especially Southwest Europe. 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