Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Virgil, Georgics 1. Once they were actually married, the sea god went back to his usual ways and had numerous affairs with other goddesses, nymphs and mortals. Amphitrite was the mother of dolphins]: you brought me [Arion] to the cape of Tainaron (Taenarum) in Pelops' land when I drifted the Sikelian (Sicilian) Sea, carrying me on your humped backs, cleaving the furrows of Nereus' plain, a path untrodden, when treacherous men had thrown me from the sea-sailing hollow ship into the sea-purple swell of the ocean. AMPHITRITE was the goddess-queen of the sea, wife of Poseidon, and eldest of the fifty Nereides. : Timotheus, Fragment 79 (trans. 930, &c.; Apollod. 4. Scholfield) (Greek natural history C2nd A.D.) : i. 8 : Amphitrite Goddess of the Sea Poetic Miscellany. 2 - 3 : 207.). "After the death of their [the Alkyonides' (Alcyonides')] father [Alkyoneus (Alcyoneus)] they threw themselves into the sea from Kanastraion (Canastraeum), which is the peak of Pellene, but Amphitrite made them birds, and they were called Alkyones from their father. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to C3rd A.D.) : Oppian, Cynegetica 1. "And of Amphitrite and the loud-roaring Earth-Shaker [Poseidon] was born great, wide-ruling Triton, and he owns the depths of the sea, living with his dear mother and the lord his father in their golden house, an awful god. 38 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) Amphitrite and Poseidon.". Amphitrite was essentially the same as the primordial sea-goddess Thalassa. Later poets regard Amphitrite as the goddess of the sea in general, or the ocean. In a fit of jealousy, she tossed magic herbs into Scylla’s bath and the nymph changed into a terrible hideous monster with twelve arms and six mouths. We can also find the goddess above us in the stars. Nereid, in Greek religion, any of the daughters (numbering 50 or 100) of the sea god Nereus (eldest son of Pontus, a personification of the sea) and of Doris, daughter of Oceanus (the god of the water encircling the flat Earth). "[Reliefs on the throne in the temple of Zeus at Olympia :] There are also reliefs of . Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) § 7) a Nereid, though in other places Apollodorus (i. Greek Lyric V) (Greek lyric C5th to C4th B.C.) 731 (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 8. 1353 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd A.D.) : Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Peleus was overjoyed and at once explained the portent to the others. 2 - 3 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. Amphitrite didn't have a cult dedicated to Her worship back in ancient Hellas, but She was of great importance in the archaic age.She is mentioned in the Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollon as one of Leto's midwives and before Poseidon's rule of the sea became supreme, Amphitrite ruled it, along with Her Nereids. ii. [3.1] KYMOPOLEIA (by Poseidon) (Hesiod Theogony 817) ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 3- 5 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) ", Homer, Odyssey 5. [Invocation of Oppian to the sea-gods at the beginning of his poem on hunting and fishing:] ", Colluthus, Rape of Helen 21 (trans. These were the daughters born to irreproachable Nereus, fifty in all, and the actions they know are beyond reproach. 11 (trans. Poet. § 2.) Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) ", Oppian, Halieutica 1. 31; Hygin. "[The author quotes an oracle of the Pythian priestess :] The wave of blue-eyed Amphitrite, roaring over the wine-dark sea. She is wearing a rather frothy chiton and reaches her hand out to Theseus who needs her blessing as he is about to embark on the Voyage of the Golden Fleece. (Tzetz. Then the child leaped forth to the light, and all the goddesses raised a cry. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. As a reward, Poseidon placed an image of Delphinus in the sky. Sometimes her hair is enclosed with a net and her brow adorned with a pair of crab-claw "horns". 3.92d, Oppian Halieutica 1.1). "The barbarian naval host was driven back in confusion on the fish-wreathed bosom of Amphitrite with its gleaming folds. "[Minos king of Krete (Crete)] hurled insults at him [Theseus] and denied that he was a son of Poseidon, since he could not recover for him the signet-ring, which he happened to be wearing, if he threw it into the sea. 105 ff (trans. I am sure that his hoofprints will lead us to some bay that overlooks the sea.’", Bacchylides, Fragment 17 (trans. (v. 2. He shook himself, tossing off the spray in showers. . . Greek mythological tales speak of the sea nymphs that assisted sailors facing storms on the sea. Straightway, great Phoibos (Phoebus) [Apollon], the goddesses washed you purely and cleanly with sweet water, and swathed you in a white garment of fine texture, new-woven, and fastened a golden band about you." : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. : Homeric Hymn 3 to Delian Apollo 89 ff (trans. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Amphitrite and Poseidon in a chariot, drawn by Tritons, detail of a frieze from an altar in the Temple of Neptune, Rome, 40. Many ships in both the US and the British Royal Navy were named for her. Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. [2.1] RHODE (by Poseidon) (Apollodorus 1.28) : ‘Music-loving dolphins, sea-nurslings of the Nereis maids divine, whom Amphitrite bore.’", Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3. On the car stand Amphitrite and Poseidon and there the boy Palaimon (Palaemon) upright upon a dolphin. 1. The most ancient passages in which she occurs as a real goddess is that of Hesiod above referred to and the Homeric hymn on the Delian Apollo (94), where she is represented as having been present at the birth of Apollo. She is often depicted wearing a crab claw crown and sitting on a throne near her husband Poseidon or in a chariot drawn by hippocamps, seahorses. They lived deep in the Aegean Sea with their father Nereus, best known as the Old Man of the Sea, from Homeric passages. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. "Arion [the poet rescued by a dolphin] wrote a hymn of thanks to Poseidon . Astr. § 4.) ad Lycoph. Her son Tritôn was similarly named "of the third." Rieu) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. ", Ovid, Fasti 5. "Constellation Delphin. Poseidon chose Amphitrite from among her sisters as the Nereids performed a dance on the isle of Naxos. In the famous François Vase (a 6th-century bc black-figure krater; see Kleitias), Poseidon and Amphitrite, along with Zeus and Hera, attend the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. : Other references not currently quoted here: Eratosthenes Catast., Tzetzes ad Lycophron 45, 649, Euripides Cyclops 702. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. "Great god of the sea [Poseidon], husband of Amphitrite, goddess of the gold spindle. In what thoughts did he check the Knossian (Cnossian) commander [Minos] when he came unwet from the sea, a miracle for all, and the gods' gifts shone on his limbs.

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