Audience and occasion. A traditional story involving gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society. While written literature (at the instant of composition and publishing) is immediately fossilised in rigidity, oral literature, as this article demonstrates, is in a constant state of change. The theories will then be applied in the analysis of oral literature material. 2. By Bernice Bessey Oral Literature is a spoken word that has been transmitted from generation to generation. Parts of Literature. However, the sophistication of the modern world, Oral literature is a term generally applied to spoken literary traditions such as folk tales, musical theater, proverbs, riddles, life histories, plays, proverbs, epic poems and historical recitations. minority oral literature, properly so-called, is as rich, complex, intricate and absorbing as the oral literature of indigenous, codified languages. such sub-genres of oral literature as ritual and curative chants, musical genres, folktales, ... organized poetically ‘so as to create impressions and fulfill functions of poetic rhythm” (344). ELS 116: ORAL LITERATURE by Felix Edjeren, Reader, College of Education, Warri. 1. Qualitative research design was employed. oral tradition. Oral literature is an aspect of literature preserved not in written form but in oral form. It teaches suggestively through allusion. This paper grapples with the question of choice of theory in the study of African oral literature. The Formula in Anglo-Saxon Poetry 6. Throughout Africa, oral literature is flourishing, though it is perceived by some as anachronistic to the modern world. To me and Laura, my wife, the loss of this oral literature … Questions on the story "The Ledge" by Stephen King. This work refutes this idea in its entirety by presenting 22 chapters, which firmly place the study of oral literature within contemporary African existence. Questions in South Slavic oral epic are characteristically devices of authority: social, epic, and narrative. of oral literature. Speculations and neglect in the twentieth century. Beowulf and Oral Epic Tradition 5. C ommon themes in literature include conflict, loneliness, fear and growth. An oral art does not have a fi xed function. Speculations and neglect in the twentieth century. Conclusion It may be surprising to find riddles included in a survey of oral literature. Style and content. Occasions and uses. The work analyzes the various folktale types in Idomaland, the meanings and the functions derivable from the tales. Oral art as literature. The oral poetry that has passed to us in modern life is the very exceptional window into the old culture and into the creativity of that culture that sustained their poetic art forms. Recent trends in African studies and the revival of interest in oral literature. The aesthetic function is not dominant, nor should it be, because that would disrupt the very essence of oral literature, and that is -Helps the learner to improve their reading abilities as well as acquiring positive attitudes towards oral literature.-It also encourages people to appreciate people from different kinds of races or ethnic groups across the countries.-Plays a key role in building up of both the listeners and the readers in a gibe literature … Though Africa oral literature has several parts,… 3. It forms part of Africa’s rich cultures that are expressed in diverse ways. Simply put, the term oral tradition refers to a process by which any information about a culture, such as literature, history, medicine, etc., is passed down by being spoken instead of written. However, oral literature does not teach directly. The paper argues that while it is easy and desirable to choose a facilitative theory in the analysis of a written work of literature, such a process poses challenges when it comes to the oral type of African literature. The Theme in Anglo-Saxon Poetry 7. of oral literature. Identify 15 types of oral/ poems songs with their respective alternative names if applicable. Based on the thematic functions of oral literature used by heroes in Bale in particular and in Oromia region in general, some research gaps are evident. In order to understand the functions of a piece of oral art, one has to develop a sociological semiotics between the art and its users. From the foregone review of related literature, it can be observed that … It is an integral part of every human culture. The social, linguistic, and … The final function of literature is that literature relieve human—either writers or readers—from the pressure of emotions. Theory of Literature is a book on literary scholarship by René Wellek, of the structuralist Prague school, and Austin Warren, a self-described "old New Critic". Date posted: April 23, 2019. It was earlier thought that many such stories were explanatory. Oral literature is a broad term which may include ritual texts, curative chants, epic poems, musical genres, folk tales, creation tales, songs, myths, spells, legends, proverbs, riddles, tongue-twisters, word games, recitations, life histories or historical narratives. Date posted: April 23, 2019. DEFINITION Oral Literature, or more properly, orature, is the art and craft of imaginative verbal expression. A broad conceptualization refers to it as literature characterized by oral transmission and the absence of any fixed form. Homer and the Muses: Oral Traditional Poetics, a Mythic Episode, and Arming Scenes in the Iliad 4. 1.5.1 Aesthetic value Oral literature is valuable in its own right as an aspect of the best creative works of women and men. oral arts in Africa in distinct terms. Oral Traditional Lyric Poetry 3. Definitions and understandings of oral literature. Critics have been discussing from very early times about the function or functions of literature. 3. - An oral narrative is one of the genres of oral literature. To some people, Oral literature is only but a mirage The aesthetic function in oral literature is the promoter of structuring, but it surrenders its place to certain other cultural and social functions. The significance of performance in actualization, transmission, and composition. Answers (1) Highlight key themes typical to legends (Solved) Highlight key themes typical to legends. The major purpose of the study was to analyze thematic functions of oral literature used in the speeches of Oromo heroes (Haaji Adam Saddo, General Husen Bune, Colonel Aliyyi Cirri, General Waqo Gutu, and Colonel Adam Jilo) from the three selected districts (woredas) (Madda Walabu, Gobba, and Sawwena) of Bale zone, Oromia region. - The terms used to mean the same as a narrative are tale, folk tale, or a story. - At its essence, an oral narrative is a story spoken to an audience. Oral art as literature. 2. ALT 301: Theory and Methods in Oral Literature Unit Description The unit is an introduction to the theoretical approaches to the study of oral literature. In education program, literature may give significant contribution for students’ development and knowledge. poems, songs, and stories passed down through generations by word of mouth. Let us now look at some of the functions that oral literature is supposed to fulfil in the society. Africa possesses both written and unwritten traditions. It is highly valued in Africa in general and in Igbo in particular mainly because of its didactic nature. The social, linguistic, and … Examples of traditional literature are divination text, drum language, poem, appellation, tales, songs, riddles, proverbs, myths and legends. Oral literature or folk literature is a literature that is spoken or sung as opposed to that which is written, though much oral literature has been transcribed. Recent trends in African studies and the revival of interest in oral literature. It provides a unique portrait of life as lived in a different time and place by individuals who share the human spirit with us. - A narrative can either be fictional (non factual) or non-fictional (factual). folk tales. Albert Bates Lord, The Singer Resumes the Tale Foreword Preface 1. One of the major functions of oral literature is to teach. In the Western oral tradition and subsequently literature, the functions of questions evolve as a result of the converging influences of the medium, genre, and historical conditions. They are: education, cultural identity, entertainment, cultural dialogue and tolerance, preservation of cultural heritage and humanism. Though they differ among themselves regarding the other functions of literature, they are all agreed on one point—that the main function of literature is to entertain the readers, or, in other words, to give them pleasure. It refers to any creative or expressionalistic use of the spoken language to produce a work of art similar to those of Literature. The perception of African oral literature 29 Nineteenth-century approaches and collections. Oral art as literature. Riddles and related forms. There is no standard definition, as folklorists have varying descriptions for oral literature or folk literature. Oral narratives, all over the world, set the pace for the written literature. Understanding the Human Condition Through Literature. The perception of African oral literature 29 Nineteenth-century approaches and collections. myth. carried out a study on meaning, function and performance of Idoma folktales. THIS IS THE ONLY THING THE PROFESSOR GIVES US. Answer to what are the function of Oral literature. Oral literature - Oral literature - Myth: Myth is a particular form of oral literature, the subject of which is cosmological. The following are the most obvious functions of oral arts in African situations. However, riddles in Africa have regularly been considered to be a type of art form, albeit often of minor and childish interest, and have long been included in studies of oral literature. Literature also functions to contribute values of human lives. The two met at the University of Iowa in the late 1930s, and by 1940 had begun writing the book; they wrote collaboratively, in a single voice over a period of three years. In the traditional society, oral literature was the main tool of education and social propriety. Implications for the study of oral literature. As readers connect with these themes, they develop an understanding of the human condition. - A narrative is a prose that recounts events, people, and places. The characters and the challenges and successes they face become examples of what happens to people when they respond to or ignore these universal … This accumulation of oral literature, winnowed through the ages, is exquisite in beauty and depth of wisdom. Prose, poetry, drama, essays, fiction, literary works based on philosophy, art, history, religion, and culture as also scientific and legal writings are grouped under literature.Creative nonfiction of the olden times and literary journalism also fall under literature. The Nature and Kinds of Oral Literature 2. Longinus was the first… It deals with the role of theory in the study of oral literature.

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