In 1755, a wave in Lisbon, Portugal killed more than 60,000 people, a Krakatu, Indonesia tsunami in 1883 and ensuing volcanic eruption led to the deaths of 40,000 people, and an 8.3 magnitude earthquake in Enshunada Sea, Japan in 1498 swept away hundreds of homes and killed 31,000 people. Japan's 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear leak killed nearly 20,000 people, cost $360 billion, and slowed global growth. The sea was reported to recede from the shore at Bombay, India and is said to have killed one person in Sri Lanka. Japan's economy was dealt a devastating blow by the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and tsunami that pummeled the country on March 11, 2011. The Japan and New Zealand quakes are among the 10 costliest world earthquakes and tsunamis, based on insured damages, according to Munich Re (see table). This is in part due to the difficulty of measuring the financial damage in areas that lack insurance. These supersized walls have been mockingly called the "Great Wall of Japan". Tsunamis have been happening for hundreds of years. This article is more than 9 years old. For example, the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, with a death toll of over 230,000 people, cost a 'mere' $15 billion, whereas in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in which 11 people died, the damages … The cost of the damage could run as high as £23bn ($34bn) according to early estimates. The Tohoku region, Northeast Japan, was hit by a gigantic earthquake which occurred in the Pacific close to Tohoku, and subsequently by a giant tsunami. It leaked radiation into the Pacific Ocean. The 8.9 magnitude quake, and the 10-meter high tsunami it triggered, are believed to have killed at least 1,000 people along the coast of northeastern Japan. The following five are among the worst in recorded history. 6. The building of higher walls following the disaster has sparked fierce debate. The Hokkaido-Nansei-Oki earthquake on July 12 produced one of the largest tsunamis in Japan's history. 5. Ryuku Islands, Japan - 24 April 1771. (After earthquake) 10. Crescent-shaped coasts and harbors, such as those near Sendai, can play a role in focusing the waves as they approach the shore. An overall perspective of the earthquake damage has still not been sufficiently produced, but Table 1 shows the amounts estimated by the Cabinet Office (2011) of Japan as of June 24. The Japan tsunami was relatively small in size and deadliness compared to those on record. Sanriku, Japan – 15 June 1896 . There were reports of homes flooding and being swept away throughout the … During the tsunami, the tsunami defensive walls were easily overpowered. Show 0 comments 1 /1 Japan to build 250-mile-long, four storey-high wall to stop tsunamis Altogether, an estimated 230,000 to 260,000 people died in the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. HAMAMATSU, Shizuoka Prefecture--Construction is complete on one of the biggest breakwaters in Japan, a massive seawall built alongside coastal areas here to prevent flooding in the event of a tsunami. A massive earthquake has hit the north-east of Japan triggering a tsunami that has caused extensive damage. The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) has shown that Tsunami disasters not only cause flooding damage but also can be a phenomenon accompanied by many damage of structures. In light of Friday's tsunami following the Japan earthquake, find out how the killer waves are caused, what the warning signs are, and how to respond when a tsunami threatens. Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Aftermath of the disaster: Initial reports of casualties following the tsunami put the death toll in the hundreds, with hundreds more missing. Japan says it will cost as much as 25 trillion yen ($309bn) to rebuild the country after the deadly earthquake and tsunami. When an earthquake registering a magnitude of at least 8.3 triggered a tsunami in the Enshunada Sea, the result was catastrophic. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large tsunami … Ryuku Islands, Japan – 24 April 1771. Seismic damage in the Atsumi Peninsula, central Japan, caused by the 1707 Hoei earthquake, and subsequent environmental and social changes were reconstructed using local history archives. An estimated 20,000 died or went missing and 500,000 were displaced. This event killed around 40,000 people in total; however, as many as 2,000 deaths can be attributed directly to the volcanic eruptions, rather than the ensuing tsunami. Ten years on, many coastal towns and villages have rebuilt their communities and lives. Estimated cost of the damage. Japan, Niigata Prefecture: Tsunami: yes: Casualties: 36 dead or missing (385 injured) Effects of liquefaction caused by the earthquake on apartment buildings in Niigata. 9. Ise Bay, Japan – 18 January 1586. Entire towns were destroyed in tsunami-hit areas in Japan, including 9,500 missing in Minamisanriku; one thousand bodies had been recovered in the town by 14 March 2011. Japan earthquake and tsunami: what happened and why . The strong seismic motion caused serious disaster in Noda-mura along the Atsumi Bay side of the Atsumi Peninsula. The sea was reported to recede from the shore at Bombay, India and is said to have killed one person in Sri Lanka. 1952 Severo-Kurilsk Tsunami. A sea wall being built in Japan post-tsunami. Nankaido, Japan – 28 October 1707. The earthquake’s magnitude was 9.0, the strongest ever recorded in Japan. These hazards have caused huge damage on the eastern coast Japan. 2. The tsunami destroyed a total of 3,137 homes, killing nearly 12,000 people in total. 4. In Ceuta the tsunami was strong, but in the Mediterranean Sea, it decreased rapidly. The 11 March 2011 Japanese tsunami was the first to cause deaths since the 1993 Sea of Japan magnitude 7.7 earthquake caused 23 deaths and generated a tsunami that caused an additional 208 deaths in Japan. It cost Japan $220 billion. Read CNN's 2011 Japan Earthquake - Tsunami earthquake and learn more about the disaster that struck Japan in March of 2011. 17. Areas near the coast get flooded with sea water, and infrastructure, such as fresh water supplies and sewage, are damaged. This results in water contamination that can cause the spread of diseases, such as malaria. 9. The tsunami was also historical as its run-up height reached over 39 m. On the other hand, in Horikiri-mura on the Enshu-nada open sea side, a high tsunami swept … Tsunamis not only destroy lives, they also affect … The direct costs of the Fukushima disaster will be about $15 billion in clean-up over the next 20 years and over $60 billion in refugee compensation. Enshunada Sea, Japan – … Enshunada Sea, Japan – 20 September 1498 Tsunami waves smashed the coast, causing massive damage and flooding. Also, since land elevation is low and flat along much of the Japanese coast, many areas are particularly vulnerable to tsunamis. In comparison, the most fatal and damaging tsunami that has ever occurred in the world was the 2004 magnitude 9.1 Sumatra earthquake and tsunami that caused almost 230,000 deaths, … The March 11 quake sent tsunami waves rushing into the coast of Japan and rippling out across the entire Pacific basin. Enshunada Sea, Japan - 20 September 1498 ... A total of 25,000 deaths and an estimated US$300 million in damages were caused by the tsunami and earthquakes combined along the Peru-Chile coast. Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011, and killed at least 20,000 people. In addition to property damage and fatalities, tsunamis cause disease, environmental damage and psychological problems. The quake and tsunami caused $40 billion in insured damages, according to Munich Re. Like the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the damage by surging water, though much more localized, was far more deadly and destructive than the actual quake. This event killed around 40,000 people in total; however, as many as 2,000 deaths can be attributed directly to the volcanic eruptions, rather than the ensuing tsunami. A magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck off Japan’s northeastern coast, near the Tōhoku region. Tsuji.) Enshunada Sea, Japan – 20 September 1498. 1498 Enshunada Sea Tsunami. Also, early in 2011 a powerful earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand, resulting in $16.5 billion in insured damages. The following five are among the worst in recorded history. Collapse of the Showa bridge, Niigata caused by the earthquake. Ise Bay, Japan - 18 January 1586. The Japan tsunami was relatively small in size and deadliness compared to those on record. 18. The tsunami waves caused great damage and casualties to the western coast of Morocco, from Tangier, where the waves reached the walled fortifications of the town, to Agadir, where the waters passed over the walls, killing many. The Causation of the Casualties . The estimated cost of the damage was just under $10bn (£6.4bn). Northern Chile – 13 August 1868. Thousands of homes were flooded by the powerful wave, while at least 31000 people were killed. 7. Enshunada Sea, Japan - 20 September 1498 An earthquake, estimated to have been at least magnitude 8.3, caused tsunami waves along the coasts of Kii, Mikawa, Surugu, Izu and Sagami. The 1964 Niigata earthquake struck at 13:01 local time (04:01 UTC) on 16 June with a magnitude of either 7.5 or 7.6.   It damaged the Fukushima nuclear power plant. (Courtesy of Y. 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami timeline March 11, 2011: Map of the 2011 Japan earthquake epicenter off the northeast coast of the Tōhoku region of Japan’s Honshu island. A view of tsunami damage from the east of Aonae, a small town on the island of Okushiri, which is in the Sea of Japan, east of Hokkaido. 10. The key questions on the Japanese quake answered. 8. 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